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Title: Assessing the ecotoxicity of metal nano-oxides with potential for wastewater treatment
Author: Nogueira, V.
Lopes, I.
Rocha-Santos, T. A. P.
Rasteiro, M. G.
Abrantes, N.
Gonçalves, F.
Soares, A. M. V. M.
Duarte, A. C.
Pereira, R.
Keywords: Ecotoxicity
Aquatic organisms
Sublethal and lethal effects
Wastewater treatment
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: The rapid development of nanotechnology and the increasing use of nanomaterials (NMs) raise concern about their fate and potential effects in the environment, especially for those that could be used for remediation purposes and that will be intentionally released to the environment. Despite the remarkable emerging literature addressing the biological effects of NMs to aquatic organisms, the existing information is still scarce and contradictory. Therefore, aimed at selecting NMs for the treatment of organic and inorganic effluents, we assessed the potential toxicity of NiO (100 and 10–20 nm), Fe2O3 (≈85×425 nm), and TiO2 (<25 nm), to a battery of aquatic organisms: Vibrio fischeri, Raphidocelis subcapitata, Lemna minor, Daphnia magna, Brachionus plicatilis, and Artemia salina. Also a mutagenic test was performed with two Salmonella typhimurium strains. Suspensions of each NM, prepared with the different test media, were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and eletrophoretic light scattering (ELS). For the assays with marine species, no toxicity was observed for all the compounds. In opposite, statistically significant effects were produced on all freshwater species, being D. magna the most sensitive organism. Based on the results of this study, the tested NMs can be classified in a decreasing order of toxicity NiO (100 nm) > NiO (10–20 nm) > TiO2 (<25 nm) > Fe2O3, allowing to infer that apparently Fe2O3 NMs seems to be the one with less risks for receiving aquatic systems.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s11356-015-4581-9
ISSN: 0944-1344
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