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Title: Enhanced control of Bacillus subtilis endospores development by hyperbaric storage at variable/uncontrolled room temperature compared to refrigeration
Author: Pinto, Carlos A.
Santos, Mauro D.
Fidalgo, Liliana G.
Delgadillo, Ivonne
Saraiva, Jorge A.
Keywords: Hyperbaric storage
Bacillus subtilis
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The effect of hyperbaric storage on Bacillus subtilis endospores, as a new food preservation methodology with potential to replace the conventional refrigeration processes, was assessed and compared to refrigeration. To do so, three different matrices (McIlvaine buffer, carrot juice and brain-heart infusion broth, BHI-broth) were inoculated with B. subtilis endospores and stored at 25, 50 and 100 MPa at variable/uncontrolled room temperature (18-23 °C), under refrigeration (4 °C), and room temperature at atmospheric pressure (0.1 MPa), up to 60 days. Two different quantification procedures were performed to assay both vegetative and endospores (unheated samples) and endospores (heated samples), to assess germination under pressure. The results showed that hyperbaric storage yielded pronounced endospore loads reductions in carrot juice and BHI-broth at 50 and 100 MPa, while in McIlvaine buffer, lower endospore loads reductions were observed. At 25 MPa, the endospores germinated and outgrew in carrot juice. Under refrigeration conditions, both carrot juice and BHI-broth underwent endospore germination and outgrowth after 60 and 9 days of storage, respectively, while in McIlvaine buffer there were no endospore outgrowth. These results suggest that hyperbaric storage at room temperature might not only be a feasible preservation procedure regarding endospores, but also that the food product (matrix characteristics) seems to influence the microbial inactivation that occurs during hyperbaric storage.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/
ISSN: 0740-0020
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QOPNA - Artigos

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