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Title: Bioaccumulation and biochemical patterns of Ruditapes philippinarum clams: responses to seasonality and low contamination levels
Author: Costa, Silvana
Lopes, Joel
Coppola, Francesca
Correia, Simão
Henriques, Bruno
Leite, Carla
Soares, Amadeu M.V.M.
Zengjie, Jiang
Pereira, Eduarda
Chiesa, Stefania
Freitas, Rosa
Keywords: Clams
Metal contamination
Safety consumption
Biochemical performance
Issue Date: 30-Sep-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Shellfish farming and shellfish harvesting have been practiced for a long time in the Ria de Aveiro coastal lagoon (Portugal). Among commercial bivalves, Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum represents one of the most important species inhabiting this coastal system. Introduced in Portugal in 1984, naturalised R. philippinarum clam populations have been subjected to several pressures that may threaten this resource sustainable management: illegal fishing, harvesting in chemically polluted sites with impacts on human health and lack of control in terms of productivity with the risk of a progressive decline of the biomass. On behalf of the ASARISAFE project (with the title Safety and sustainable management of valuable clam product in Portugal and China) the environmental quality of Manila clam harvesting sites was evaluated, focusing on inorganic pollution and health status of clams in terms of bioaccumulation as well as biochemical performance. Seasonal sampling campaigns were conducted in six R. philippinarum harvesting areas evaluating inorganic pollution levels, in clam's tissues, sediment and water. Clams biochemical performance in terms of metabolism, energy reserves and oxidative stress was also assessed. The results obtained showed that mercury (Hg) and arsenic (As) were the elements with the highest BAF (Bioaccumulation factor) values, but contamination levels in tissues and sediments varied among sampling areas and seasonal campaigns. The amount of clams consumed per week to exceed Provisional Tolerable Week Intake (PTWI, kg) was the lowest for As, revealing that less 0.05 kg of clams was enough to exceed PTWI. However, the results obtained further demonstrated that the clam's biochemical performance was not responding to tissues contamination levels but were closely related to seasons, with distinct metabolic capacity and oxidative stress levels among distinct sampling periods during the year.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106883
ISSN: 0272-7714
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
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