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Title: Prokaryotes in salt marsh sediments of Ria de Aveiro: Effects of halophyte vegetation on abundance and diversity
Author: Oliveira, V.
Santos, A. L.
Aguiar, C.
Santos, L.
Salvador, A. C.
Gomes, N. C. M.
Silva, H.
Rocha, S. M.
Almeida, A.
Cunha, A.
Keywords: prokaryote communities
salt marsh
root exudates
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH). Total prokaryote abundance (0.4 × 109–1.7 × 109 cells gdw−1) was highest in sediments from the surface layer. The domain Bacteria comprised approximately 40% of total prokaryote communities with the highest percentages occurring in the surface layer. Archaeal cells corresponded to an average of 25% of total prokaryote population, with higher abundance in the vegetation banks, and displaying homogeneous vertical distribution. The relative abundance of SRB represented approximately 3% of total 4′, 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride (DAPI) stained cells at unvegetated sediment and H. portulacoides stand and 7% at S. maritima stand. Headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with Comprehensive Two-Dimensional Gas Chromatography–Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (GC × GC–ToFMS) was used to analyse the volatile and semi-volatile fraction of root exudates. A total of 171 compounds were identified and Principal Component Analysis showed a clear separation between the chemical composition (volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds) of the exudates of the two plants. The patterns of vertical distribution and differences in the proportion of SRB and Archaea in the prokaryote communities developing in sediments colonized by Spartina maritima or Halimione portulacoides suggest the existence of plant-specific interactions between halophyte vegetation and estuarine sediment bacteria in Ria de Aveiro salt marshes, exerted via sediment lithology and root-derived exudates.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2012.03.013
ISSN: 0272-7714
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos
DQ - Artigos
PT Mar - Artigos
Ria de Aveiro - Artigos

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