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Title: Smoke emissions from biomass burning in a Mediterranean shrubland
Author: Alves, Célia
Gonçalves, Cátia
Pio, Casimiro
Mirante, Fátima
Caseiro, Alexandre
Tarelho, Luís
Freitas, M.C.
Viegas, D.X.
Keywords: Forest fires
Greenhouse gas emissions
Particulate emissions
Organic and elemental carbon
Chemical elements
Water-soluble ions
Issue Date: Aug-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Gaseous and particulate samples from the smoke from prescribed burnings of a shrub-dominated forest with some pine trees in Lousã Mountain, Portugal, in May 2008, have been collected. From the gas phase Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) measurements, an average modified combustion efficiency of 0.99 was obtained, suggesting a very strong predominance of flaming combustion. Gaseous compounds whose emissions are promoted in fresh plumes and during the flaming burning phase, such as CO2, acetylene and propene, produced emission factors higher than those proposed for savannah and tropical forest fires. Emission factors of species that are favoured by the smouldering phase (e.g. CO and CH4) were below the values reported in the literature for biomass burning in other ecosystems. The chemical composition of fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5e10) particles was achieved using ion chromatography (water-soluble ions), instrumental neutron activation analysis (trace elements) and a thermaleoptical transmission technique (organic carbon and elemental carbon). Approximately 50% of the particulate mass was carbonaceous in nature with a clear dominance of organic carbon. The organic carbon-to-elemental carbon ratios up to 300, or even higher, measured in the present study largely exceeded those reported for fires in savannah and tropical forests. More than 30 trace elements and ions have been determined in smoke aerosols, representing in total an average contribution of about 7% to the PM10 mass.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.05.010
ISSN: 1352-2310
Appears in Collections:DAO - Artigos

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