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Title: Effect of data reduction techniques on daily moderate to vigorous physical activity collected with ActiGraph® in people with COPD
Author: Rebelo, Patrícia
Antão, Joana
Brooks, Dina
Marques, Alda
Keywords: Accelerometer
Processing criteria
Physical activity
Chronic respiratory diseases
Issue Date: 2-Aug-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: ActiGraph® is a valid, frequently used, accelerometer to quantify moderate to vigorous physical activities (MVPA) in people with COPD. The impact of ActiGraph processing techniques on this population is unknown. This study aimed to explore the effect of data reduction techniques on MVPA in people with COPD. MVPA/day, through ActiGraph GT3X+, was estimated using: Troiano, Freedson 98 and FreedsonVM3 cutoffs, 15-s and 60-s epochs, and normal and low-frequency extension (LFE) filters. Cutoff, epoch, and filter effects were explored with Aligned Rank Transform-ANOVA. Lin’s concordance correlation coefficients and Bland–Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement and bias between different techniques. The analysis included 136 people with COPD (79% male; 68 ± 8 years; FEV1 51 ± 17% predicted). MVPA/day differed according to cutoff, filter, and epoch selection (p-value < 0.001). FreedsonVM3 cutoff, 15-s epochs, and LFE yielded the highest MVPA (45 min/day, 68% of physically active participants). Troiano cutoff, 60-s epochs, and normal filter yielded the lowest MVPA (8 min/day, 20% of physically active participants). Only comparisons between Troiano and Freedson98 cutoffs presented an almost perfect agreement. ActiGraph data reduction techniques affected MVPA/day estimates and their interpretation at the individual and group level. Studies using different processing criteria should not be compared in people with COPD. Future studies with a gold standard are required to ascertain which processing technique produces the most accurate MVPA estimates in COPD. Meanwhile, future trials employing the ActiGraph GT3X+ may consider estimating MVPA based on Freedson VM3 cutofffs, 60-s epochs, and normal filter.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/jcm12165340
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