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Title: Airborne exposure of Rhizobium leguminosarum strain E20-8 to volatile monoterpenes: effects on cells challenged by cadmium
Author: Sá, Carina
Matos, Diana
Pires, Adília
Cardoso, Paulo
Figueira, Etelvina
Keywords: Rhizobium
Volatile organic compounds
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 15-Apr-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are produced by plants, fungi, bacteria and animals. These compounds are metabolites originated mainly in catabolic reactions and can be involved in biological processes. In this study, the airborne effects of five monoterpenes (α-pinene, limonene, eucalyptol, linalool, and menthol) on the growth and oxidative status of the rhizobial strain Rhizobium leguminosarum E20-8 were studied, testing the hypothesis that these VOCs could influence Rhizobium growth and tolerance to cadmium. The tested monoterpenes were reported to have diverse effects, such as antibacterial activity (linalool, limonene, α-pinene, eucalyptol), modulation of antioxidant response or antioxidant properties (α-pinene and menthol). Our results showed that non-stressed cells of Rhizobium E20-8 have different responses (growth, cell damage and biochemistry) to monoterpenes, with α-pinene and eucalyptol increasing colonies growth. In stressed cells the majority of monoterpenes failed to minimize the detrimental effects of Cd and increased damage, decreased growth and altered cell biochemistry were observed. However, limonene (1 and 100 mM) and eucalyptol (100 nM) were able to increase the growth of Cd-stressed cells. Our study evidences the influence at-a-distance that organisms able to produce monoterpenes may have on the growth and tolerance of bacterial cells challenged by different environmental conditions.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2019.121783
ISSN: 0304-3894
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