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Title: Diffusivities of ketones and aldehydes in liquid ethanol by molecular dynamics simulations
Author: Zêzere, Bruno
Portugal, Inês
Silva, Carlos M.
Gomes, José R.B.
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The tracer diffusion coefficients of six ketones (propanone, butanone, pentan-2-one, pentan-3-one, hexan-2-one, hexan-3-one) and six aldehydes (methanal, ethanal, propanal, butanal, pentanal and hexanal) in liquid ethanol were computed by classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations over 303.15-333.15 K and 1-150 bar. The calculated tracer diffusion coefficients, D12, compared very satisfactorily with experimental data from the literature, with average absolute relative deviations (AARD) between 9.48 % and 12.18 % for ketones, and between 6.30 % and 9.11 % for aldehydes. The trends of D12 with solute size and temperature were accurately simulated in all cases, while the weaker influence of pressure was not rigorously reached in all cases when jumping from 1 to 75 bar and then to 150 bar. Furthermore, a temperature-based correction to D12 was introduced, which decreased the AARD values of ketones down to the range 1.52 – 5.16 % and aldehydes to 2.94 – 3.45 %. The structural analyses of the spatial distribution functions and coordination numbers show that ethanol has more affinity with ketones than with aldehydes, though such affinity difference is not always translated to the computed D12 of ketone-aldehyde isomers. Nevertheless, the experimental diffusivities of both families of compounds are only ca. 7 % different, hence within the uncertainties associated with the calculated results.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.molliq.2022.121068
ISSN: 0167-7322
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DQ - Artigos

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