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Title: Opposite effects induced by cholinium-based ionic liquid electrolytes in the formation of aqueous biphasic systems comprising polyethylene glycol and sodium polyacrylate
Author: Bernardo, Sandra C.
Capela, Emanuel V.
Pereira, Jorge F. B.
Ventura, Sónia P. M.
Freire, Mara G.
Coutinho, João A. P.
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Cholinium-based ionic liquids ([Ch]-based ILs) were investigated as electrolytes in the formation of aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) composed of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and sodium polyacrylate (NaPA) polymers. Both enhancement and decrease in the liquid-liquid demixing ability induced by electrolytes in PEG-NaPA aqueous biphasic systems were observed. It is shown that the ILs that most extensively partition to the PEG-rich phase tend to act as inorganic salts enhancing the two-phase formation ability, while those that display a more significant partition to the NaPA-rich phase decrease the ABS formation capacity. The gathered results allowed us to confirm the tailoring ability of ILs and to identify, for the first time, opposite effects induced by electrolytes on the PEG-NaPA ABS formation ability. The distribution of the electrolyte ions between the coexisting phases and the polyelectrolyte ion compartmentalization are key factors behind the formation of PEG-NaPA-based ABS.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/molecules26216612
ISSN: 1420-3049
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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