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Title: Urinary neonicotinoids profiles in adults from Aveiro district, NW Portugal
Author: Sousa, Ana Catarina
Ikenaka, Yoshinori
Ichise, Takahiro
Nakayama, Shouta M.M.
Souto-Miranda, Sara
Marques, Alda
Valente, Carla
Taborda-Barata, Luís
Pastorinho, M. Ramiro
Ishizuka, Mayumi
Keywords: Exposure assessment
Issue Date: 18-Nov-2020
Publisher: Portuguese National Hub for Human Biomonitoring
Abstract: Neonicotinoid insecticides (Neonics - NNs) are systemic insecticides widely used in agriculture to control insects. Due to their broad-spectrum insecticide activity, they are also used in the domestic environment and on animals, including household pets. Owing to their toxicity towards non-target organisms, particu-larly honeybees, the agricultural outdoor use of some neonics was already banned. Nevertheless, they can still be used in indoor activities. Neonics’ residues have been detected in food, water and indoor dust and, consequently, humans are exposed to these insecticides. However, human biomonitoring data is limited to a few studies worldwide, with no data for Portugal. In this study, levels of neonicotinoids namely ace-tamiprid (and its metabolite dm-acetamiprid), clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, nitenpyran, thi-acloprid and thiamethoxan, were quantified in spot urine samples provided by 46 volunteers from Aveiro district. The volunteers were recruited from RESPIRA project, an ongoing study that aims to evaluate the role of environmental contaminants in the progression of respiratory diseases. Overall, the obtained re-sults disclose that 81.4% of the individuals were exposed to at least one neonicotinoid. Dinotefuran and dm-acetamiprid showed the highest detection frequencies (46.5%), followed by imidacloprid (41.9%), whereas nitenpyran and thiacloprid were never detected (bellow detection limit). The neonics with the highest concentrations were dm-acetamiprid (max: 1443 ug/g creatinine, average: 39.1 ug/g creatinine) and thiamethoxan (max: 152 ug/g creatinine, average: 6.9 ug/g creatinine). These results are in general accordance with previous reports that disclosed dm-acetamiprid as one of the most frequently detected NN in human urine samples.
Peer review: yes
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Comunicações
IBIMED - Comunicações
Lab3R - Comunicações

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