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Title: Respiratory physiotherapy for patients with LRTI: the patients' perspective
Author: Oliveira, Ana
Pinho, Cátia
Marques, Alda
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
Abstract: Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) are a major cause of health and economic burden worldwide. Respiratory physiotherapy (RP) has shown to improve lung function and functional recovery on these patients; however, their perspectives about the outcomes achieved in RP interventions have never been explored. This study assessed the perspectives of patients with LRTI about their participation in a RP intervention. 27 patients with LRTI (58.6±17.2yrs; 10 male) were recruited from the emergency department of a hospital and enrolled in a 3 week RP intervention. RP included breathing retraining, airway clearance techniques, aerobic training and education about LRTI. After the intervention, semi-structured interviews were conducted and audio recorded. Interviews were analysed (thematic analysis) by 2 independent judges. All participants reported that the intervention had high impact in their respiratory condition and symptoms, specifically by improving their perceived breathlessness (n=9), fatigue (n=4), sputum expectoration (n=4) and wheezing (n=2). Patients also reported to have acquired self-management skills to prevent and control future LRTI, such as risk behaviour modification (i.e., smoking; sedentary lifestyles; polluted environments and nutrition; n=10), breathing and airway clearance techniques to control respiratory symptoms (n=12). RP improves patients' symptoms and well-being during LRTI, but also seems to enhance their skills in the management of future infections. Thus, PR interventions may be a key component to enhance patients' treatment, prevent recurrent LRTI and ultimately reduce healthcare costs. Further research is needed to explore the long-term impact of RP in patients with LRTI.
Peer review: yes
ISSN: 0903-1936
Appears in Collections:Lab3R - Comunicações

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