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|Title:||Enhanced conversion of xylan into furfural using acidic deep eutectic solvents with dual solvent and catalyst behavior|
|Author:||Morais, Eduarda S.|
Freire, Mara G.
Freire, Carmen S. R.
Coutinho, João A. P.
Silvestre, Armando J. D.
Deep eutectic solvents
|Abstract:||An efficient process for the production of furfural from xylan by using acidic deep eutectic solvents (DESs), which act both as solvents and catalysts, is developed. DESs composed of cholinium chloride ([Ch]Cl) and malic acid or glycolic acid at different molar ratios, and the effects of water and γ-valerolactone (GVL) contents, solid/liquid (S/L) ratio, and microwave heating are investigated. The best furfural yields are obtained with the DES [Ch]Cl:malic acid (1:3 molar ratio)+5 wt % water, under microwave heating for 2.5 min at 150 °C, a S/L ratio of 0.050, and GVL at a weight ratio of 2:1. Under these conditions, a remarkable furfural yield (75 %) is obtained. Direct distillation of furfural from the DES/GVL solvent and distillation from 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (2-MeTHF) after a back-extraction step enable 89 % furfural recovery from 2-MeTHF. This strategy allows recycling of the DES/GVL for at least three times with only small losses in furfural yield (>69 %). This is the fastest and highest-yielding process reported for furfural production using bio-based DESs as solvents and catalysts, paving the way for scale-up of the process.|
|Appears in Collections:||CICECO - Artigos|
DQ - Artigos
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|Furfural_RIA.pdf||615.33 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
|ESI_Furfural_RIA.pdf||260.89 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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