Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Micro- and nanoplastics in the environment: research and policymaking
Author: Costa, João Pinto da
Keywords: Microplastics
Issue Date: Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Initial reports on the presence of microplastics in the Ocean date from the 1970's. In spite of the noted potential risks these debris posed to both the environment and humans, the scientific community paid little attention to then raised alarms. Recently, however, there has been an increasing interest by both the general public and the scientific community in the contamination and pollution of the marine environment by micro- and nanoplastic particles. Due to their physical and chemical characteristics, these pervasive contaminants can be found across the Globe and are distributed across the water column and have been shown to be ingested by numerous organisms. Although generally considered biochemically inert, such materials can adsorb other chemical substances, such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), hence potentially leading to bioaccumulation and bioamplification phenomena. However, despite this recognized harmfulness, and although microplastics are a recognized threat to the “Blue Economy”, there are still multiple research gaps that should be adequately addressed, in order to obtain a realistic assessment of their prevalence in the environment. Additionally, despite the numerous national, regional and international regulatory instruments aiming at reducing the contamination by plastic litter, these appear to have been, so far, insufficient for reaching their proposed goal. Herein, the current gaps in micro- and neoplastic research and regulation are evaluated and some suggestions for overcoming such limitations are proposed.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2017.11.002
ISSN: 2468-5844
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
dacosta2018.pdf291.72 kBAdobe PDFrestrictedAccess

Formato BibTex MendeleyEndnote Degois 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.