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Title: Shipping emissions over Europe: a state-of-the-art and comparative analysis
Author: Russo, M. A.
Leitão, J.
Gama, C.
Ferreira, J.
Monteiro, A.
Keywords: Shipping
Atmospheric pollutants
Emissions Inventories
Issue Date: Mar-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Several emission inventories exist for Europe, which include emissions originating from ship traffic in European sea areas. However, few comparisons of these inventories, in particular focusing on specific emission sectors like shipping, exist in literature. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to review and compare commonly used, and freely available, emission inventories available for the European domain, specifically for shipping and its main pollutants (NOx, SOx and PM10). Five different inventories were considered which include shipping activity: 1) EMEP; 2) TNO-MACC_III; 3) E-PRTR; 4) EDGAR and 5) STEAM. The inventories were initially compared in terms of total emission values and their spatial distribution. The total emission values are largely in agreement (with the exception of E-PRTR), however, the spatial representation shows significant differences in the emission distribution, in particular over the Mediterranean region. As for the contribution of shipping to overall emissions, this sector represent on average 16%, 11% and 5% of total NOx, SOx and PM10 emissions, respectively. Recommendations are given regarding the specific use of each available inventory.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.01.025
ISSN: 1352-2310
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Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DAO - Artigos

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