Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/23938
Title: Development and validation of an experimental life support system for assessing the effects of global climate change and environmental contamination on estuarine and coastal marine benthic communities
Author: Coelho, Francisco J. R. C.
Rocha, Rui J. M.
Pires, Ana C. C.
Ladeiro, Bruno
Castanheira, José M.
Costa, Rodrigo
Almeida, Adelaide
Cunha, Ângela
Lillebo, Ana Isabel
Ribeiro, Rui
Pereira, Ruth
Lopes, Isabel
Marques, Catarina
Moreira-Santos, Matilde
Calado, Ricardo
Cleary, Daniel F. R.
Gomes, Newton C. M.
Keywords: Benthic communities
Climate change
Marine sediments
Microbial ecology
Microcosm
Pyrosequencing
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Abstract: An experimental life support system (ELSS) was constructed to study the interactive effects of multiple stressors on coastal and estuarine benthic communities, specifically perturbations driven by global climate change and anthropogenic environmental contamination. The ELSS allows researchers to control salinity, pH, temperature, ultraviolet radiation (UVR), tidal rhythms and exposure to selected contaminants. Unlike most microcosms previously described, our system enables true independent replication (including randomization). In addition to this, it can be assembled using commercially available materials and equipment, thereby facilitating the replication of identical experimental setups in different geographical locations. Here, we validate the reproducibility and environmental quality of the system by comparing chemical and biological parameters recorded in our ELSS with those prevalent in the natural environment. Water, sediment microbial community and ragworm (the polychaete Hediste diversicolor) samples were obtained from four microcosms after 57 days of operation. In general, average concentrations of dissolved inorganic nutrients (NO3 (-) ; NH4 (+) and PO4 (-3) ) in the water column of the ELSS experimental control units were within the range of concentrations recorded in the natural environment. While some shifts in bacterial community composition were observed between in situ and ELSS sediment samples, the relative abundance of most metabolically active bacterial taxa appeared to be stable. In addition, ELSS operation did not significantly affect survival, oxidative stress and neurological biomarkers of the model organism Hediste diversicolor. The validation data indicate that this system can be used to assess independent or interactive effects of climate change and environmental contamination on benthic communities. Researchers will be able to simulate the effects of these stressors on processes driven by microbial communities, sediment and seawater chemistry and to evaluate potential consequences to sediment toxicity using model organisms such as Hediste diversicolor.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/23938
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12227
ISSN: 1354-1013
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