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Title: Assessment of chromosomal damage induced by a deltamethrin-based insecticide in fish (Anguilla anguilla L.) - A follow-up study upon exposure and post-exposure periods
Author: Marques, Ana
Custódio, Marco
Guilherme, Sofia
Gaivão, Isabel
Santos, Maria Ana
Pacheco, Mário
Keywords: Chromosomal damage
Damage recovery
European eel
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The pyrethroid insecticide Decis®, containing deltamethrin as active ingredient, is among the most popular broad-spectrum biocides, with wide application in agriculture and home pest control. The occurrence of deltamethrin in the aquatic environment is well-established, but the possible genotoxic effects of Decis® in non-target organisms, namely fish, remain unknown. Hence, this work aimed to evaluate the cytogenetic damaging potential of Decis® in European eel (Anguilla anguilla L.), adopting the erythrocytic nuclear abnormalities (ENAs) assay. In addition, it was intended to investigate the damage progression in the post-exposure period. The frequency of immature erythrocytes (IE) was also determined to provide indirect information on the erythrocyte catabolism and erythropoiesis rate. Fish were exposed to 17.5 and 35μgL-1 of Decis® (equivalent to 0.05 and 0.1μgL-1 of deltamethrin, respectively) during 1 and 3days. Thereafter, fish were transferred to clean water and kept for 1, 7 and 14days. The results demonstrated a clear potential to induce chromosomal damage following 3days exposure, depicted in an ENA frequency increase for both Decis® concentrations. The transient nature of this cytogenetic damage was also demonstrated, as ENA frequency returned to the control level 1 and 7days after cessation of the exposure, respectively for the higher and the lower Decis® concentration. Moreover, this response pattern suggested a rapid metabolization and elimination of the formulation constituents by A. anguilla, combined with an increased erythrocyte turnover in fish exposed to the higher Decis® concentration, as pointed out by the IE frequency rise. Overall, the demonstrated genotoxic properties of Decis® pointed out increased risk factors to fish exposed to this insecticide.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2014.06.003
ISSN: 0048-3575
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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