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Title: An identification key for the five most common species of Metastrongylus
Author: Gassó, Diana
Rossi, Luca
Mentaberre, Gregorio
Casas, Encarna
Velarde, Roser
Nosal, Pawel
Serrano, Emmanuel
Segales, Joaquim
Fernandez-Llario, Pedro
Feliu, Carles
Keywords: Lung worms
Metastrongylus apri
Metastrongylus asymetricus
Metastrongylus confusus
Metastrongylus elongatus
Metastrongylus pudendotectus
Wild boar
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Species of the Metastrongylus genus, the lung nematodes of pigs that require an intermediate host (earthworm) to complete their cycle, pose a potential risk to both livestock and humans. This parasite which can result in lung pathology and mixed infections with other pathogens (e.g. viruses) can be fatal to pigs. Although this genus is distributed worldwide, there are no classification keys for identifying this common parasite species. In this work, we take advantage of parasitological surveys of wild boar (Sus scrofa) in northern and central Spain and southern Poland to develop a morphological identification key for the five most common Metastrongylus species (Metastrongylus apri, Metastrongylus pudendotectus, Metastrongylus salmi, Metastrongylus confusus and Metastrongylus asymetricus). In addition, we provide the first record of M. confusus in Spain, probably unidentified until now due to the lack of appropriate identification keys. We hope that this user-friendly identification key will enable parasitologists and veterinary practitioners to avoid further misclassifications of Metastrongylus species.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s00436-014-4001-y
ISSN: 0932-0113
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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