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Title: Problems of Minimal Resistance and the Kakeya Problem
Author: Plakhov, Alexander
Keywords: Newton’s problem of least resistance
Shape optimization
Kakeya problem
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Publisher: SIAM
Abstract: Here we solve the problem posed by Comte and Lachand-Robert in [8]. Take a bounded domain R2 and a piecewise smooth nonpositive function u : ¯ ! R vanishing on @ . Consider a flow of point particles falling vertically down and reflected elastically from the graph of u. It is assumed that each particle is reflected no more than once (no multiple reflections are allowed); then the resistance of the graph to the flow is expressed as R(u; ) = 1 | | R (1 + |ru(x)|2)−1dx. We need to find inf ,u R(u; ). One can easily see that |ru(x)| < 1 for all regular x 2 , and therefore one always has R(u; ) > 1/2. We prove that the infimum of R is exactly 1/2. This result is somewhat paradoxical, and the proof is inspired by, and partly similar to, the paradoxical solution given by Besicovitch to the Kakeya problem
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1137/15M1012931
ISSN: 1095-7200
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
OGTCG - Artigos

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