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Title: Study of the effects of foliar application of ABA during acclimatization
Author: Dias, M. C.
Correia, C.
Moutinho-Pereira, J.
Oliveira, H.
Santos, C.
Keywords: Cell cycle
Flow cytometry
Oxidative stress
Ulmus minor
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: This study aims to elucidate the effects of abscisic acid (ABA) foliar application on plant hardening during ex vitro acclimatization using a forest model species Ulmus minor L. Plant leaves were sprayed with ABA (0, 50 and 100 μM) immediately after ex vitro transfer and twice a week for the first 3 weeks of acclimatization. After this period, parameters related with photosynthesis, hormone levels and oxidative stress were measured to assess plant performance. The results demonstrated that ABA foliar application alleviates the negative shock of ex vitro acclimatization since it reduces the water loss through transpiration, relieving the risk of wilting. Moreover, ABA promoted net CO2 assimilation rate (P N) and plant dry mater accumulation. ABA treatment increased the antioxidant battery during acclimatization, with more effective results at the concentration of 50 μM ABA. Also, flow cytometry data support that cytosolic compounds, which may increase in response to 50 μM ABA, could also protect DNA from oxidative damage. We propose here that ABA foliar application (immediately after ex vitro transfer), by preventing water loss, enhancing photosynthesis efficiency and the activity of antioxidant enzymes, improves the plants hardening and ability to deal with the ex vitro stresses.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s11240-014-0434-3
ISSN: 0167-6857
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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