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Title: Border disease virus: an exceptional driver of chamois populations among other threats
Author: Serrano, Emmanuel
Colom-Cadena, Andreu
Gilot-Fromont, Emmanuelle
Garel, Mathieu
Cabezón, Oscar
Velarde, Roser
Fernández-Sirera, Laura
Fernández-Aguilar, Xavier
Rosell, Rosa
Lavin, Santiago
Marco, Ignasi
Keywords: emerging diseases
extinction risk
population viability analysis
sarcoptic mange
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Though it is accepted that emerging infectious diseases are a threat to planet biodiversity, little information exists about their role as drivers of species extinction. Populations are also affected by natural catastrophes and other pathogens, making it difficult to estimate the particular impact of emerging infectious diseases. Border disease virus genogroup 4 (BDV-4) caused a previously unreported decrease in populations of Pyrenean chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica) in Spain. Using a population viability analysis, we compared probabilities of extinction of a virtual chamois population affected by winter conditions, density dependence, keratoconjunctivitis, sarcoptic mange, and BD outbreaks. BD-affected populations showed double risk of becoming extinct in 50 years, confirming the exceptional ability of this virus to drive chamois populations.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.01307
ISSN: 1664-302X
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos

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