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Title: Minimal resistance of curves under the single impact assumption
Author: Akopyan, Arseniy
Plakhov, Alexander
Keywords: Newton's problem
Body of minimal resistance
Shape optimization
Single impact condition
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Abstract: We consider the hollow on the half-plane $\{ (x,y) : y \le 0 \} \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ defined by a function $u : (-1,\, 1) \to \mathbb{R}$, $u(x) < 0$, and a vertical flow of point particles incident on the hollow. It is assumed that $u$ satisfies the so-called single impact condition (SIC): each incident particle is elastically reflected by graph$(u)$ and goes away without hitting the graph of $u$ anymore. We solve the problem: find the function $u$ minimizing the force of resistance created by the flow. We show that the graph of the minimizer is formed by two arcs of parabolas symmetric to each other with respect to the $y$-axis. Assuming that the resistance of $u \equiv 0$ equals 1, we show that the minimal resistance equals $\pi/2 - 2\arctan(1/2) \approx 0.6435$. This result completes the previously obtained result [SIAM J. Math. Anal., 46 (2014), pp. 2730--2742] stating in particular that the minimal resistance of a hollow in higher dimensions equals 0.5. We additionally consider a similar problem of minimal resistance, where the hollow in the half-space $\{(x_1,\ldots,x_d, y) : y \le 0 \} \subset \mathbb{R}^{d+1}$ is defined by a radial function $U$ satisfying the SIC, $U(x) = u(|x|)$, with $x = (x_1,\ldots,x_d)$, $u(\xi) < 0$ for $0 \le \xi < 1$, and $u(\xi) = 0$ for $\xi \ge 1$, and the flow is parallel to the $y$-axis. The minimal resistance is greater than 0.5 (and coincides with 0.6435 when d = 1) and converges to 0.5 as $d \to \infty$.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1137/140993843
ISSN: 0036-1410
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
OGTCG - Artigos

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