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Title: Influence of multiple stressors on the auto-remediation processes occurring in salt marshes
Author: Sousa, A. I.
Lillebo, A. I.
Pardal, M. A.
Cacador, I.
Keywords: Salt marshes
Multiple stressors
Halimione portulacoides
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Due to increasing global population, salt marshes have been subjected to multiple stressors such as increasing nutrient loadings and historical contamination. In order to better understand how does the salt marsh plants auto-remediation capacity (phytoaccumulation of metals) is affected by cultural eutrophication, an experiment was performed under controlled conditions. Plants were exposure to equal metal concentrations (Zn, Cu, and Ni – micronutrients, and Cd – class B metal) simulating historical contamination and three different concentrations of nitrogen (nitrate) simulating steps of cultural eutrophication. According to our study, under the tested concentrations, cultural eutrophication does not seem to affect Zn, Cu and Ni phytoremediation of H. portulacoides, but the ecosystem service of Cd phytoremediation seems to be promoted. Nevertheless, Cd high toxicity and bioaccumulation should be taken into account, as well as the vulnerability of salt marsh ecosystems, whose reduction will have drastic consequences to the ecosystem health.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.04.025
ISSN: 0025-326X
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DBio - Artigos
PT Mar - Artigos
Ria de Aveiro - Artigos

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