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Title: Supercritical fluid extraction of Eucalyptus globulus bark: a promising approach for triterpenoid production
Author: Domingues, Rui M. A.
Oliveira, Eduardo L. G.
Freire, Carmen S. R.
Couto, Ricardo M.
Simões, Pedro C.
Neto, Carlos P.
Silvestre, Armando J. D.
Silva, Carlos M.
Keywords: Eucalyptus globulus
Triterpenic acids
Supercritical fluid extraction
Carbon dioxide
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Eucalyptus bark contains significant amounts of triterpenoids with demonstrated bioactivity, namely triterpenic acids and their acetyl derivatives (ursolic, betulinic, oleanolic, betulonic, 3-acetylursolic, and 3-acetyloleanolic acids). In this work, the supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of Eucalyptus globulus deciduous bark was carried out with pure and modified carbon dioxide to recover this fraction, and the results were compared with those obtained by Soxhlet extraction with dichloromethane. The effects of pressure (100-200 bar), co-solvent (ethanol) content (0, 5 and 8% wt), and multistep operation were studied in order to evaluate the applicability of SFE for their selective and efficient production. The individual extraction curves of the main families of compounds were measured, and the extracts analyzed by GC-MS. Results pointed out the influence of pressure and the important role played by the co-solvent. Ethanol can be used with advantage, since its effect is more important than increasing pressure by several tens of bar. At 160 bar and 40 degrees C, the introduction of 8% (wt) of ethanol greatly improves the yield of triterpenoids more than threefold.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/ijms13067648
ISSN: 1422-0067
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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