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Title: Strain shielding in proximal tibia of stemmed knee prosthesis: experimental study
Author: Completo, A.
Fonseca, F.
Simões, J. A.
Keywords: Revision total knee arthropalsty
Stress shielding
Press-fit stem
Experimental strains
Cemented stem
Issue Date: 2008
Abstract: Theoretical concerns about the use of cemented or press-fit stems in revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) include stress shielding with adverse effects on prosthesis fixation. Revision TKA components are commonly stemmed to protect the limited autogenous bone stock remaining. Revision procedures with the use of stems can place abnormal stresses through even normal bone by their constrained design, type of materials and fixation method and may contribute for bone loss. Experimental quantification of strain shielding in the proximal synthetic tibia following TKA is the main purpose of the present study. In this study, cortical bone strains were measured experimentally with tri-axial strain gauges in synthetic tibias before and after in vitro knee surgery. Three tibias were implanted with cemented and press-fit stem augments and solely with a tibial tray (short monobloc stem) of the P.F.C. Sigma Modular Knee System. The difference between principal strains of the implanted and the intact tibia was calculated for each strain gauge position. The results demonstrated a pronounced strain-shielding effect in the proximal level, close to tibial tray with the cemented stem augment. The press-fit stem presented a minor effect of strain shielding but was more extensively throughout the stem. An increase of strains closely to the distal tip of the cemented and the press-fit stem augment was observed. This suggests for a physiological condition, a potential effect of bone resorption at the proximal region for the cemented stem augment. The localized increase of strains in stems tip can be related with the clinical finding of the pain, at the end of stem after revision TKA. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.10.006
ISSN: 0021-9290
Appears in Collections:DEM - Artigos

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