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Title: Soil risk assessment in the surrounding area of Hulene-B waste dump, Maputo (Mozambique)
Author: Bernardo, Bernardino
Candeias, Carla
Rocha, Fernando
Keywords: Soils
Waste dump
Potential toxic elements
Risk assessment
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Soil contamination in areas close to unplanned dumpsites represents an increasing risk to the ecosystems and human health. This study aimed to evaluate soil quality in the area surrounding the Hulene-B waste dump, Maputo, Mozambique, and to estimate potential ecological and human health risks. A total of 71 surface soil samples were collected in the surrounding area of the dump, along with 10 samples in areas considered not impacted by the dump. Chemical and mineralogical analyses were performed using XRF and XRD. Quartz was the most abundant mineral phase, followed by feldspars, carbonates, clay minerals, and Fe oxides/hydroxides. Results showed a significant contribution to ecological degradation by PTE enrichment, ranked as Zn >> Cu > Cr > Zr > Pb > Ni > Mn. Carcinogenic risk for both children and adults was significant due to Pb soil content. Soil sample concentrations of Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, and Zr, posing a risk especially in children, suggested the need for continuous monitoring, as well as the definition and implementation of mitigation measures.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/geosciences12080290
Appears in Collections:DGeo - Artigos
GeoBioTec - Artigos

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