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Title: Oxygen-vacancy-related giant permittivity and ethanol sensing response in SrTiO3-δ ceramics
Author: Trabelsi, H.
Bejar, M.
Dhahri, E.
Valente, M.A.
Graça, M.P.F.
Keywords: SrTiO3
Oxygen vacancy
Giant permittivity
Issue Date: Apr-2019
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The ethanol sensing properties of SrTiO3-δ (δ = 0.075 and 0.125) ceramics was analyzed by dielectric measurements. The ceramics were prepared by solid state reaction method followed by the creation of oxygen vacancies-δ, through a thermal activated process. The crystal symmetry, space group and unit cell dimensions were derived from the X-ray diffraction (XRD) data using FullProf software whereas grain's size distribution was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The prepared samples have been analyzed by impedance spectroscopy over the frequency range from 100 Hz to 1 MHz and temperature range from 240 to 340 K. The dielectric properties of SrTiO3-δ ceramics showed a quite remarkable stability of giant permittivity (>104) as well as a low dielectric loss, which open ways for several applications such as over voltage protections of electronic devices. A low-frequency dielectric relaxation behavior was found, and the carriers for electrical conduction result from the first-ionization of oxygen vacancies. The conductivity and gas sensitivity of SrTiO3-δ-based sensors were investigated. Results demonstrated that the conductivity decreases after the introduction of the ethanol gas, and p-type semiconductor gas-sensing materials were obtained. Both characteristics present higher responses at lower optimal operating temperatures.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.physe.2018.12.025
ISSN: 1386-9477
Appears in Collections:DFis - Artigos
I3N-FSCOSD - Artigos

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