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Title: Facial expression recognition using computer vision: a systematic review
Author: Canedo, Daniel
Neves, António J. R.
Keywords: Facial expression recognition
Emotion recognition
Computer vision
Machine learning
Action units
Deep learning
Facial features
Review article
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Emotion recognition has attracted major attention in numerous fields because of its relevant applications in the contemporary world: marketing, psychology, surveillance, and entertainment are some examples. It is possible to recognize an emotion through several ways; however, this paper focuses on facial expressions, presenting a systematic review on the matter. In addition, 112 papers published in ACM, IEEE, BASE and Springer between January 2006 and April 2019 regarding this topic were extensively reviewed. Their most used methods and algorithms will be firstly introduced and summarized for a better understanding, such as face detection, smoothing, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Local Binary Patterns (LBP), Optical Flow (OF), Gabor filters, among others. This review identified a clear difficulty in translating the high facial expression recognition (FER) accuracy in controlled environments to uncontrolled and pose-variant environments. The future efforts in the FER field should be put into multimodal systems that are robust enough to face the adversities of real world scenarios. A thorough analysis on the research done on FER in Computer Vision based on the selected papers is presented. This review aims to not only become a reference for future research on emotion recognition, but also to provide an overview of the work done in this topic for potential readers.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/app9214678
Publisher Version:
Appears in Collections:DETI - Artigos
IEETA - Artigos

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