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Title: Two-step multiuser equalization for hybrid mmWave massive MIMO GFDM systems
Author: Kassam, Joumana
Miri, Manar
Magueta, Roberto
Castanheira, Daniel
Pedrosa, Pedro
Silva, Adão
Dinis, Rui
Gameiro, Atílio
Keywords: Massive MIMO
Millimeter-wave communications
Hybrid analog-digital architectures
Issue Date: Aug-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Although millimeter-wave (mmWave) and massive multiple input multiple output (mMIMO) can be considered as promising technologies for future mobile communications (beyond 5G or 6G), some hardware limitations limit their applicability. The hybrid analog-digital architecture has been introduced as a possible solution to avoid such issues. In this paper, we propose a two-step hybrid multi-user (MU) equalizer combined with low complexity hybrid precoder for wideband mmWave mMIMO systems, as well as a semi-analytical approach to evaluate its performance. The new digital non-orthogonal multi carrier modulation scheme generalized frequency division multiplexing (GFDM) is considered owing to its efficient performance in terms of achieving higher spectral efficiency, better control of out-of-band (OOB) emissions, and lower peak to average power ratio (PAPR) when compared with the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) access technique. First, a low complexity analog precoder is applied on the transmitter side. Then, at the base station (BS), the analog coefficients of the hybrid equalizer are obtained by minimizing the mean square error (MSE) between the hybrid approach and the full digital counterpart. For the digital part, zero-forcing (ZF) is used to cancel the MU interference not mitigated by the analog part. The performance results show that the performance gap of the proposed hybrid scheme to the full digital counterpart reduces as the number of radio frequency (RF) chains increases. Moreover, the theoretical curves almost overlap with the simulated ones, which show that the semi-analytical approach is quite accurate.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.3390/electronics9081220
ISSN: 2079-9292
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IT - Artigos

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