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Title: Peshtasar basalts: An example of post-collision basalts in sedimentary Basin of Moghan, NW Iran
Author: Amraee, A.
Zareisahamieh, R.
Moayyed, M.
Ahmadikhalaji, A.
Santos, José Francisco
Keywords: Moghan basin
Peshtasar basalt
Post-collision arc
Isotopic analysis
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2019
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: With an east–west exposure trend, Peshtasar Complex, which is located in the sedimentary basin of Moghan, northwestern Iran, is lithologically varied. The main constituent minerals are plagioclase, clinopyroxene and iddingsitised olivine in basalts and plagioclase megacryst, clinopyroxene and leucite in tephrite. The studied rocks are plotted in the fields of basaltic trachy-andesite, trachy-andesite and tephri-phonolite in the total alkali-silica (TAS) diagram as well as high-K to calc-alkaline and shoshonite fields. The chondrite normalised pattern of rare earth elements indicates the enrichment of LILE and LREE as well as the depletion of HFSE and HREE. Nb and Ti have a negative anomaly in the spider diagram. Eu/Eu* represents a positive anomaly for Eu indicating the frequency of calcic plagioclase and low oxygen fugacity in rocks. Geochemical parameters and diagrams predict a magmatic evolution via assimilation – fractional crystallisation process. According to the Ce/Yb vs. Ce diagram, partial melting has happened within the garnet–lherzolite field in the depth of ∼100 km. Based on 87Sr/86Sr, Shahyourdi samples have EM1 sources, whereas Germi and Tazehkand basalts have EM11 sources that are indicative of different mantle sources for basalts in the western Moghan of the central and eastern areas. Basalts are found in active continental margins associated with the post-collision arcs.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s12040-019-1083-z
ISSN: 2347-4327
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