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Title: Synthesis of ZnO mesoporous powders and their application in dye photodegradation
Author: Maltanava, Hanna
Poznyak, Sergey
Ovodok, Evgeni
Ivanovskaya, Maria
Maia, Frederico
Kudlash, Alexander
Scharnagl, Nico
Tedim, João
Keywords: Zinc oxide
Chemical precipitation
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Mesoporous ZnO materials have been synthesized through chemical deposition of different precursors from aqueous or water-ethanol solutions followed by their thermal decomposition at 400°C in air. The microstructure and morphology of the precursors and obtained ZnO powders were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and nitrogen adsorption-desorption (BET) methods. The structure of the precursor and physico-chemical properties of final zinc oxide powders were shown to be considerably influenced by the presence of Cl– ions and ethanol in solution. In water-ethanol solutions, Zn5(OH)8Cl2∙H2O or Zn5(OH)8(NO3)2∙(H2O)2 precursors are formed, while ZnO particles are directly deposited from aqueous solution. The photocatalytic activity of the synthesized ZnO materials was evaluated by the decolorization of Rhodamine B (RhB) upon UV irradiation. The ZnO powders have demonstrated high photocatalytic efficiency, enabling decomposition of 81.497.4 % RhB within 3 hours. The increased photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO prepared by annealing of Zn5(OH)8Cl2∙H2O precursor or deposited directly from aqueous chloride-containing solutions can be originated from the presence of Cl-containing compounds remaining after thermal treatment of simonkolleite as well as from introduction of Cl-dopant in ZnO.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.matpr.2018.06.043
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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