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Title: The potential of metering roundabouts: influence in transportation externalities
Author: Fernandes, Paulo
Teixeira, João
Guarnaccia, Claudio
Bandeira, Jorge M.
Macedo, Eloísa
Coelho, Margarida C.
Keywords: Partial-metering
Link-based Costs
Issue Date: Jan-2018
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Abstract: Roundabouts are increasingly being used on busy arterial streets for traffic calming purposes. However, if one roundabout leg is near a distribution hub, e.g. parking areas of shopping centers, the entry traffic volumes will be particularly high in peak hours. This paper investigated a partial-metering based strategy to reduce traffic-related costs in a corridor. Specifically, the resulting traffic performance, energy, environmental and exposure impacts associated with access roundabouts were studied in an urban commercial area, namely: a) to characterize corridor operations in terms of link-specific travel time, fuel consumption, carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions, and noise costs; b) to propose an optimization model to minimize above outputs; and c) to demonstrate the model applicability under different traffic demand and directional splits combinations. Traffic, noise and vehicle dynamics data were collected from a corridor with roundabouts and signalized intersections near a commercial area of Guimarães, Portugal. Microscopic traffic and emission modeling platforms were used to model traffic operations and estimate pollutant emissions, respectively. Traffic noise was estimated with a semi-dynamical model. Link-based cost functions were developed based on the integrated modeling structure. Lastly, a Sequential quadratic programming type approach was applied to find optimal timing settings. The benefit of the partial-metering system, in terms of costs, could be up to 13% with observed traffic volumes. The efficiency of the proposed system increased as entering traffic at the metered approaches increased (~7% less costs). The findings let one to quantify metering benefits near shopping areas.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1177/0361198118774667
Appears in Collections:TEMA - Comunicações

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