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Title: Cs+ removal and optical detection by microporous lanthanide silicate Eu-AV-20 in a fixed-bed column
Author: Figueiredo, Bruno R
Melo, Marcelo M.R. de
Portugal, Inês
Ananias, Duarte
Rocha, João
Silva, Carlos Manuel
Keywords: Breakthrough curves
Cesium sensing
Ion exchange
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Microporous silicate Eu AV 20 has recently proved to be a promising ion exchange material for cesium removal from aqueous solutions, and its potential for Cs+ photoluminescence sensing was additionally demonstrated. In this work, Cs+ removal was performed in a fixed bed column, and the influence of linear velocity and mass of ion exchanger on the breakthrough curves was analysed. The experimental data were modelled on the basis of Nernst Planck (NP) equations and with four well known analytic models. The analytic expressions provided low errors (root mean square deviation, RMSD, between 3.20% and 6.47%); the 2 parameter NP based model fitted the data quite well (RMSD 6.66% for correlation and 6.54% for prediction), yielding crucial information on both the transport mechanism within the Eu AV 20 particles, and the intrinsic dynamic behaviour of the fixed bed ion exchange column. Taking into account that Eu AV 20 samples loaded with different amounts of Cs+ exhibited distinct photolumi nescence spectra, our results reinforce the potential of AV 20 materials for Cs+ sensing, which raises the possibility of online monitoring the ion exchange in a fixed bed column using an optical fibre and a spectrometer.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.10.046
ISSN: 1385-8947
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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