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Title: Poly(vinyl alcohol) as a novel constituent to form aqueous two-phase systems with acetonitrile: Phase diagrams and partitioning experiments
Author: Cardoso, Gustavo de Brito
Souza, Isabela Nascimento
Pereira, Matheus M
Costa, Luiz Pereira
Freire, Mara G
Faria Soares, Cleide Mara
Lima, Alvaro Silva
Keywords: Aqueous two-phase system
Poly(vinyl alcohol)
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: tIn this work it is shown, for the first time, that aqueous solutions of poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) and acetonitrile(ACN) undergo liquid–liquid demixing and form aqueous two-phase systems (ATPS). The ternary phase diagramscomposed of PVA of different molecular weights, namely 9000–10,000, 13,000–23,000, 31,000–50,000 g mol−1and85,000–124,000 g mol−1, acetonitrile and water, and the respective tie-lines were determined at 25◦C. In all the systemsinvestigated, ACN is enriched in the top phase while PVA is found in the bottom phase. To explore the potentiality ofthese ATPS for extraction strategies, the partitioning of vanillin among the coexisting phases was further evaluated.The effects of ACN and PVA concentrations and temperature toward the vanillin partitioning were also investigated.An increased vanillin partitioning to the top phase was verified with the increase of the ACN concentration; however,the partition coefficient of vanillin for the ACN-rich phase decreases with the increase on both the PVA concentra-tion and temperature. The highest partition coefficient of vanillin for the ACN-rich phase (2.24) was found with thesystem composed of 49 wt% of ACN + 9 wt% of PVA 9000–10,000 g mol−1at 5◦C, with a recovery of 79%. The vanillinmigration to the top phase is spontaneous and an exothermic process
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.cherd.2014.08.009
ISSN: 1744-3563
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