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Title: Aqueous acid orange 7 dye removal by clay and red mud mixes
Author: Hajjaji, W.
Pullar, R.C.
Labrincha, J.A.
Rocha, F.
Keywords: Dye discolouration
Red mud
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: In this study, Portuguese clay, Fe impregnated clay, red mud and clay/red mud mixtureswere used in the remov al of Acid Orange 7 by Fenton and photo Fenton (under UV light) oxidation processes. In comparison with pure adsorption, the catalytic activity of Fe loaded clay showed an optimum removal rate (98%). This photo assisted Fenton degradation of Acid Orange 7 azo dye molecules was exploiting HO• radicals from generated H2O2 and clay supported iron species, following the pseudo first order kinetic mechanism. By using red mud pre calcined at 400 °C, 10% improvement in overall discolourationwas observed in comparison to the untreated clay. This improvement is attributed to the partial reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ species on the sur face of the catalyst, and to the reaction with H2O2 to generate highly oxidative hydroxyl radicals. It was seen that the synergistic effect of photocatalysis due to the presence of TiO2 in the red mud also contributed in this photo Fenton process. Furthermore, the use of redmud/clay catalyst mixes assured 38% dye discolouration at pH7, but a lowering of solution pH to 3 resulted in a much higher discolouration rate (over 80% after 1 h). The good fitting with a pseudo second order kinetic model (R2 equals to 0.99) shows that adsorption processes could strongly contribute in the dye removal efficiency.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.clay.2016.03.016
ISSN: 0169-1317
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos

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