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Title: Superradiance in the sky
Author: Rosa, João G.
Keywords: Black hole superradiance
Gravitational waves
Electromagnetic waves
Compact binaries
Issue Date: Mar-2017
Publisher: American Physical Society
Abstract: We discuss the conditions under which plane electromagnetic and gravitational waves can be amplified by a rotating black hole due to superradiant scattering. We show, in particular, that amplification can occur for low-frequency waves with an incidence angle parametrically close to 0 (or π) with respect to the black hole spin axis and with a parametrically small left (or right) polarization. This is the case of the radiation emitted by a spinning electric/magnetic dipole or gravitational quadrupole orbiting a black hole companion at large radius and co-rotating with the latter. This can yield observable effects of superradiance, for example, in neutron star-stellar mass black hole binaries, as well as in triple systems composed by a compact binary orbiting a central supermassive black hole. Due to superradiance, the total source luminosity in these systems exhibits a characteristic orbital modulation that may lead to significant observational signatures, thus paving the way for testing, in the near future, one of the most peculiar predictions of general relativity.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.95.064017
ISSN: 2470-0010
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
GGDG - Artigos

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