Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/15038
Title: Signatures of recent asteroid disruptions in the formation and evolution of solar system dust bands
Author: Espy Kehoe, AJ
Kehoe, TJJ
Colwell, JE
Dermott, SF
Keywords: Celestial mechanics
Minor planets - asteroids - general
Planets and satellites - dynamical evolution and stability
Zodiacal dust
Issue Date: 22-Sep-2015
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Abstract: We have performed detailed dynamical modeling of the structure of a faint dust band observed in coadded InfraRed Astronomical Satellite data at an ecliptic latitude of 17 degrees that convincingly demonstrates that it is the result of a relatively recent (significantly less than 1Ma) disruption of an asteroid and is still in the process of forming. We show here that young dust bands retain information on the size distribution and cross-sectional area of dust released in the original asteroid disruption, before it is lost to orbital and collisional decay. We find that the Emilkowalski cluster is the source of this partial band and that the dust released in the disruption would correspond to a regolith layer similar to 3 m deep on the similar to 10 km diameter source body's surface. The dust in this band is described by a cumulative size-distribution inverse power-law index with a lower bound of 2.1 (implying domination of cross-sectional area by small particles) for dust particles with diameters ranging from a few mu m up to a few cm. The coadded observations show that the thermal emission of the dust band structure is dominated by large (mm-cm size) particles. We find that dust particle ejection velocities need to be a few times the escape velocity of the Emilkowalski cluster source body to provide a good fit to the inclination dispersion of the observations. We discuss the implications that such a significant release of material during a disruption has for the temporal evolution of the structure, composition, and magnitude of the zodiacal cloud.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10773/15038
DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/811/1/66
ISSN: 0004-637X
Appears in Collections:CIDMA - Artigos
DFis - Artigos
GGDG - Artigos

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