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Title: Permian volcanic rocks from the Apuseni Mountains (Romania): Geochemistry and tectonic constraints
Author: Nicolae, I.
Seghedi, I.
Boboş, I.
Azevedo, M.D.R.
Ribeiro, S.
Tatu, M.
Keywords: Apuseni Mountains
Early Permian
Isotopic composition
Major, rare earth element
Bimodal volcanism
87Sr/86Sr and 147Sm/144Nd isotopes
Tectonic settings
Issue Date: Mar-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: An Early Permian volcanic assemblage is well exposed in the central-western part of the Apuseni Mountains (Romania). The rocks are represented by rhyolites, basalts and subordinate andesites suggesting a bimodal volcanic activity that is intimately associated with a post-orogenic (Variscan) syn-sedimentary intra-basinal continental molasse sequences. The mafic and mafic-intermediate rocks belong to sub-alkaline tholeiitic series were separated in three groups (I-III) showing a high Th and Pb abundances, depletion in Nb, Ta and Sr, and slightly enriched in LREE patterns (LaN/YbN=1.4-4.4). Isotopically, the rocks of Group I have the initial ratios 87Sr/86Sr(i)=0.709351-0.707112, 143Nd/144Nd(i)=0.512490-0.512588 and high positive eNd270 values from 3.9 to 5.80; the rocks of Group II present for the initial ratios values 87Sr/86Sr(i)=0.709434-0.710092, 143Nd/144Nd(i)=0.512231-0.512210 and for eNd270 the negative values from -1.17 to -1.56; the rocks of Group III display for the initial ratios the values 87Sr/86Sr(i)=0.710751-0.709448, 143Nd/144Nd(i)=0.512347-0.512411 and for eNd270 the positive values from 1.64 to 2.35. The rocks resembling continental tholeiites, suggest a mantle origin and were further affected by fractionation and crustal contamination. In addition, the REE geochemistry (1>SmN/YbN<2.5; 0.9>LaN/SmN<2.5) suggests that these rocks were generated by high percentage partial melting of a metasomatized mantle in the garnet peridotite facies. The felsic rocks are enriched in Cs, Rb Th and U and depleted in Nb, Ta, Sr, Eu, and Ti. The REE fractionation patterns show a strong negative Eu anomaly (Eu/Eu*=0.23-0.40). The felsic rocks show the initial ratios the values: 87Sr/86Sr(i)=0.704096-0.707805, 143Nd/144Nd(i)=0.512012-0.512021 and for eNd270 the negative values from -5.27 to -5.44. They suggest to be generated within the lower crust during the emplacement of mantle-derived magmas that provided necessary heat to crustal partial melting.The mafic-intermediate and felsic rocks from Apuseni Mts represent a specific example of an association of bimodal volcanic rocks within a post-collisional extensional setting.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemer.2013.03.002
ISSN: 0009-2819
Appears in Collections:DGeo - Artigos

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