TY: JOUR
T1 - Billiard transformations of parallel flows: a periscope theorem
A1 - Plakhov, Alexander
A1 - Tabachnikov, Sergey
A1 - Treschev, Dmitry
N2 - We consider the following problem: given two parallel and identically oriented bundles of light rays in R^{n+1} and given a diffeomorphism between the rays of the former bundle and the rays of the latter one, is it possible to realize this diffeomorphism by means of several mirror reflections? We prove that a 2-mirror realization is possible, if and only if the diffeomorphism is the gradient of a function. We further prove that any orientation reversing diffeomorphism of domains in R^2 is locally the composition of two gradient diffeomorphisms, and therefore can be realized by 4 mirror reflections of light rays in R^3, while an orientation preserving diffeomorphism can be realized by 6 reflections. In general, we prove that an (orientation reversing or preserving) diffeomorphism of wave fronts of two normal families of light rays in R^3 can be realized by 6 or 7 reflections.
UR - https://ria.ua.pt/handle/10773/21278
Y1 - 2017
PB - Elsevier