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Title: Monitoring of firefighters exposure to smoke during fire experiments in Portugal
Author: Miranda, Ana Isabel
Martins, Vera
Cascão, Pedro
Amorim, Jorge Humberto
Valente, Joana
Tavares, Richard
Borrego, Carlos
Tchepel, Oxana
Ferreira, António Jorge
Cordeiro, Carlos Robalo
Viegas, Domingos Xavier
Ribeiro, Luís Mário
Pita, Luís Paulo
Keywords: Firefighters exposure
Air pollutants
Experimental fires
Mediterranean shrubland
Occupational exposure standards
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Forest fires represent a serious threat to public security in Europe due to the large burned area. Moreover, smoke pollution due to forest fire events is an important public health issue for the communities directly affected, and particularly for the personnel involved in firefighting operations. Aiming to contribute to the scientific knowledge concerning firefighters exposure to forest fires smoke, data of individual exposure to carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, volatile organic compounds, and particulate matter were obtained during experimental field fires for a group of 10 firefighters equipped with portable “in continuum” measuring devices. Measured values are very high exceeding the Occupational Exposure Standard limits, in particular for peak limit thresholds. These are the first measurements and analysis of firefighter's individual exposure to toxic gases and particles in fire smoke experiments in Europe. However, they already indicate that urgent measures to avoid these levels of exposure are needed.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2010.05.009
ISSN: 1873-6750
Publisher Version: 10.1016/j.envint.2010.05.009
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DAO - Artigos

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