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Title: Traditional and industrial oven-dry processing of olive fruits: influence on textural properties, cell wall polysaccharide composition, and enzymatic activity
Author: Cardoso, Susana M.
Mafra, Isabel
Reis, Ana
Barros, António S.
Nunes, Cláudia
Georget, Dominique M. R.
Smith, Andrew C.
Saraiva, Jorge
Waldron, Keith W.
Coimbra, Manuel A.
Keywords: Olea europaea
Table olive
Mechanical properties
Cell wall polysaccharides
Endogenous enzymes
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: The preparation of table olives according to the Italian traditional “Ferrandina” method (Fer) includes an initial blanching step of black Cassanese olives, followed by salting and oven-drying. Its industrial implementation, also called the “Sybaris” method (Syb), replaces the blanching procedure by cutting the olives followed by immersion in water. The measurement of tensile properties showed that the Fer processing increased the weakness, softness, and deformability of the skin and the flesh of olive fruits, while the flesh of the Syb fruits became stronger and stiffer. These differences are probably correlated to the degradation and/or reorganisation of cell wall polysaccharides in the fruits. The degradation of pectic and hemicellulosic polysaccharides in the Fer olives was inferred by their increased solubility in aqueous solutions. Contrarily, retention of pectic polysaccharides was observed in Syb olives. As no correlation was found between cell wall degrading enzymatic activities and cell wall polysaccharides extractability, it is probable that these modifications were driven by heat.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1007/s00217-009-1074-4
ISSN: 1438-2377
Appears in Collections:QOPNA - Artigos

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