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Title: Effects of organic and inorganic amendments on soil organic matter properties
Author: LIMA, Diana L D
SANTOS, Sérgio M
Rudolf Schneider
Armando Duarte
EDuarda Santos
Valdemar Esteves
Keywords: Soil amendment
Organic matter characterization
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of long-term application of different organic fertilizers (sewage sludge, farmyard manure, compost) as compared to mineral fertilizer on the structure of the soil organic matter. Capillary electrophoresis was employed for the quantification of monosaccharides and phenolic compounds, whereas NMR and FT-IR were used for the overall characterization of the soils organic matter. Application of farmyard manure results in a higher content of organic matter derived from angiosperms, suggested by the higher levels of syringic and vanillic phenols. Spectroscopic studies show an increase of lignin and lignin-like products in the organic matter of the soil, which may be derived from the cereal straw supplied with farmyard manure. According to spectroscopic analysis, 13C CPMAS-NMR and FT-IR spectra, higher contents of methylene groups (– CH2) from proteins and protein-like compounds, as well as higher levels of carbohydrates, were found in the soil supplied with compost. The monosaccharide (rhamnose, xylose, glucose, mannose, arabinose, fucose and galactose) content was not significantly influenced by the different organic fertilizers, suggesting that the type of amendment used does not affect any of these six studied monomers. Comparing the three organic amendments the most significant differences were observed after long-term application of farmyard manure, with an increase in lignin and lignin-like products in the soil organic matter, and compost, which appears to contribute to an increase of protein and protein-like, as well as carbohydrates content on soil organic matter. The knowledge of such changes can be essential to understand the sorption and bioavailability of pollutants, as well as establish/ unestablish ways to recycling organic residues as organic fertilizers.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.01.009
ISSN: 0016-7061
Appears in Collections:DQ - Artigos

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