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Title: Effect of crystal orientation on defect production and optical activation of Er-implanted sapphire
Author: Alves, E.
Silva, M.F.
Soares, J.C.
Monteiro, T.
Soares, J.
Santos, L.
Keywords: Defect anisotrophy
Optical doping
Issue Date: 2000
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Defect production and optical activity of Er-implanted α-Al2O3 were studied as a function of implanted dose and crystal orientation. Erbium fluences in the range of 8×1013–4×1015 Er+/cm2 were implanted into single crystalline samples with either the m-axis or c-axis normal to the surface. The energy of the Er ions was 200 keV. We found that the number of displaced O atoms was about two times higher on samples with the c-axis normal to the surface compared to the m-samples. The annealing stages of the damage follow a similar behaviour for the m-axis and c-axis samples and the complete recovery occurs for temperatures above 1200°C. The reconstruction of the lattice is accompanied by a reduction in the intensity of the photoluminescence signal above 825°C. Since the amount of Er and its lattice site is maintained, it is concluded that the change on its surroundings was responsible for the decrease of optical activity.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-583X(99)00652-7
ISSN: 0168-583X
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