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Title: Influence of the sol-gel growth parameters on the optical and structural properties on LiNbO3 samples
Author: Graça, M.P.F.
Valente, M.A.
Peres, M.
Cruz, A.
Soares, M.J.
Neves, A.J.
Monteiro, T.
Alves, E.
Marques, C.
Keywords: LiNbO3
Sol–gel growth process
Structural analysis (XRD, RBS)
Optical analysis (Raman spectroscopy, absorption, PL)
Issue Date: Sep-2007
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: We report on the structural, morphological and optical characterization of Er doped lithium niobate (LiNbO3) grown in a glass matrix prepared by sol–gel route. The samples were grown from a mixture with nominal composition of 91SiO2–4Li2O–4Nb2O5–1Er2O3 (Er:LN) and the crystallization process was followed up in the temperature range between 500 °C and 750 °C. The Er:LN samples start to crystallize at temperatures above 600 °C and besides the LiNbO3 crystalline phase sub micron ErNbO4 precipitates were identified by X-ray diffraction and Raman measurements. A comparison with glass matrices grown without NbO2 or Li2O was carry out in order to identify both the structural and optical properties of the Er:LN samples. The fingerprint emission lines of Er3+ ion in the Er:LN samples are discussed in terms of distinct crystalline environments for the Er ion in samples.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2006.07.037
ISSN: 0928-4931
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