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Title: Aluminum accumulation and membrane fluidity alteration in synaptosomes isolated from rat brain cortex following aluminum ingestion: effect of cholesterol
Author: Silva, Virgília S.
Cordeiro, J. Miguel
Matos, Manuel J.
Oliveira, Catarina R.
Gonçalves, Paula P.
Keywords: Aluminum toxicity
Membrane fluidity
Brain cortex
Issue Date: Oct-2002
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: In the present work, we studied the effect of cholesterol/phospholipid (CH/PL) molar ratio on aluminum accumulation and aluminum-induced alteration of membrane fluidity in rat brain cortex synaptosomes. We observed that sub-acute (daily supply of 1.00 g of AlCl3 during 10 days) and chronic (daily supply of 0.03 g of AlCl3 during 4 months) exposure to dietary aluminum leads to a synaptosomal aluminum enrichment of 45 and 59%, respectively. During chronic exposure to AlCl3, the enhancement of aluminum content was prevented by administration of colestipol (0.31 g/day), which decreased the synaptosomal membrane CH/PL molar ratio (nmol/nmol) from 1.2 to 0.4. Fluorescence anisotropy analysis, using 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH) and 1-(4-(trimethylamino)phenyl)-6-phenylhexa-1,3,5-triene (TMA-DPH), showed that after treatment with colestipol a decrease in membrane order occurs at the level of hydrophilic lipid-water surface and deeper hydrophobic region of the synaptosomal membrane. When the rats were exposed to aluminum, it was observed a significant enhancement of membrane fluidity, which was more pronounced at the level of the membrane hydrophilic regions. Meanwhile, when chronic exposure to dietary AlCl3 was accompanied by treatment with colestipol, the aluminum-induced decrease in membrane order was negligible when compared to TMA-DPH and DPH anisotropy values measured upon colestipol treatment. In contrast, in vitro incubation of synaptosomes (isolated from control rats) with AlCl3 induced a concentration-dependent rigidification of this more hydrophilic membrane region. The opposite action of aluminum on synaptosomal membrane fluidity, during in vivo and in vitro experiments, appears to be explained by alteration of synaptosomal CH/PL molar ratio, since a significant reduction (similar to80%) of this parameter occurs during in vivo exposure to aluminum. In conclusion, during in vivo exposure to aluminum, fluidification of hydrophilic regions and reduction of CH/PL molar ratio of presynaptic membranes accompany the accumulation of this cation, which appear to restrict aluminum retention in brain cortex nerve terminals. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. and the Japan Neuroscience Society. All rights reserved.
Description: Partilhar com CESAM
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/S0168-0102(02)00128-1
ISSN: 0168-0102
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
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