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Title: Molybdenum(VI) complexes with ligands derived from 5-(2-pyridyl)-2H-tetrazole as catalysts for the epoxidation of olefins
Author: Nunes, Martinique S.
Gomes, Ana C.
Neves, Patrícia
Mendes, Ricardo F.
Almeida Paz, Filipe A.
Lopes, André D.
Pillinger, Martyn
Gonçalves, Isabel S.
Valente, Anabela A.
Keywords: Bio-olefins
Ionic liquids
Lindqvist anion
Pyridyl-tetrazole ligands
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The development of effective catalytic epoxidation processes that are an alternative to stoichiometric non-selective oxidation routes is important to meet environmental sustainability goals. In this work, molybdenum(VI) compounds bearing 5-(2-pyridyl)−2H-tetrazole derivatives as organic components, namely the ionic and neutral mononuclear complexes (H2ptz)[MoO2Cl2(ptz)] (1) and [MoO2Cl2(tBu-ptz)] (2), and the new Lindqvist-type polyoxometalate (POM) [tBu-Hptz]2[Mo6O19] (3), where Hptz = 5-(2-pyridyl)tetrazole and tBu-ptz = 2-tert-butyl-5-(2-pyridyl)−2H-tetrazole, were studied as epoxidation catalysts using readily available and relatively ecofriendly hydroperoxide oxidants, namely hydrogen peroxide and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP). The prepared catalysts were very active. For example, 100% cis-cyclooctene conversion and 100% epoxide selectivity were reached at 1 h for 1 and 3, and 10 min for 2 (with TBHP). Catalytic and characterization studies indicated that the mononuclear complexes suffered chemical transformations under the reaction conditions, whereas 3 was structurally stable. This POM acted as a homogeneous catalyst and could be recycled by employing an ionic liquid solvent. The POM can be synthesized from 2 under different conditions, including those used in the catalytic process. Moreover, 3 was an effective epoxidation catalyst for a biobased substrate scope that included fatty acid methyl esters and the terpene dl-limonene.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2023.114273
ISSN: 0920-5861
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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