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Title: Distributed hybrid equalization for cooperative millimeter-wave cell-free massive MIMO
Author: Kassam, Joumana
Castanheira, Daniel
Silva, Adão
Dinis, Rui
Gameiro, Atílio
Keywords: Cell-free mMIMO
Cooperative networks
Millimeter-wave communications
Linear equalization
Hybrid analog/digital architectures
Distributed baseband processing
Issue Date: Aug-2022
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Abstract: The current cellular systems are conventional cellcentric based architectures, and thus the inter-cell interference greatly affects the quality of service (QoS) of users located at the border of those service areas. For that reason, future wireless systems will rely on a cell-less deployment by using an alternative promising network infrastructure known as cellfree (CF) technology. Here, in contrast to the current networks, there are no concepts of cells or cell boundaries since it is a disruptive paradigm where a large number of geographically distributed access points (APs) simultaneously and jointly serve a much smaller number of user terminals (UTs) to fulfill the exponentially increasing number of users. Therefore, this paper aims to contribute on this field and considers the design of hybrid analog/digital multi-user equalizer for broadband millimeter wave (mmWave) CF massive multiple-input multiple-output (mMIMO) systems, using a distributed beamforming approach (processing is distributed by APs and central unit (CU)) to reduce the fronthaul requirements. First, only a low complexity analog precoder is applied to the transmitter, while a joint design of APs hybrid equalizer and CU combiner are considered by minimizing the average mean square error (MSE) between the transmitted and CU estimated signals. To achieve this joint design, a cyclic minimization method is used to iterate between APs hybrid equalizer and CU combiner, where the information is exchanged between APs and CU based on a set of error variances to improve detection performance. The simulation results show that the proposed precoder and the hybrid linear equalizer can achieve performance results very close to those of the fully digital system. Moreover, just two iterations of the proposed algorithm are already enough to match the full centralized approach performance.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1109/TCOMM.2022.3186980
ISSN: 0090-6778
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IT - Artigos

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