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Title: Using three-phase partitioning for the purification and recovery of antibodies from biological media
Author: Capela, Emanuel V.
Magnis, Ilaria
Rufino, Ana F.C.S.
Torres-Acosta, Mário A.
Aires-Barros, M. Raquel
Coutinho, João A.P.
Azevedo, Ana M.
Silva, Francisca A. e
Freire, Mara G.
Keywords: Biopharmaceutical
Three-phase partitioning
Aqueous biphasic system
Ionic liquid
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Antibodies, in particular immunoglobulin G (IgG), are one of the biopharmaceutical industry highflyers, with relevance for the treatment of several diseases. However, the recovery of antibodies from complex biological media with high quality and purity is difficult and requires multi-step and expensive approaches. Herein, we propose a cost-effective approach using three-phase partitioning (TPP) systems based on polyethylene glycol (PEG)-salt aqueous biphasic systems (ABS) with ionic liquids (ILs) as adjuvants for the purification and recovery of IgG antibodies from three biological media, i.e., human serum, and serum-containing and serum-free Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell culture supernatants. The economic analysis of the developed process was carried out. The results obtained using PEG-salt ABS without ILs and human serum show that IgG could be recovered either at the interphase of the TPP or in the top phase, depending on the molecular weight of the PEG. The system composed of PEG with a molecular weight of 1000 g/mol is the PEG-salt system enabling the highest purity of human polyclonal IgG at the interphase (80.7 %, with a recovery yield of 65.8 %). Still, by adding 1 wt% of the ILs tetra(n-butyl)ammonium bromide ([N4444]Br) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C4mim]Cl), it is possible to compete or even outperform the PEG 1000-salt system with no IL regarding purity/recovery performance and production costs under given operation conditions. The best systems were then applied for the purification and recovery of monoclonal antibodies from serum-containing and serum-free culture supernatants. Improved recovery of monoclonal antibodies from serum-free Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell culture supernatants with a reduction of the host cell proteins (HCPs) content are obtained by introducing ILs as adjuvants in PEG-salt systems, with [N4444]Br providing the lowest production costs. Overall, TPP systems were shown to be not only cost-effective, but also robust and flexible routes to purify and recover IgG from complex biological matrices as shown here with human serum, serum-containing and serum-free cell culture supernatants.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.seppur.2023.123823
ISSN: 1383-5866
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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