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Title: Design and photo-Fenton performance of Graphene/CuS/Fe3O4 tertiary nanocomposites for Rhodamine B degradation
Author: Matos, Renata
Kuźniarska-Biernacka, Iwona
Rocha, Mariana
Belo, João H.
Araújo, João Pedro
Estrada, Ana C.
Lopes, Joana L.
Shah, Tushti
Korgel, Brian A.
Pereira, Clara
Trindade, Tito
Freire, Cristina
Keywords: Graphene flakes
Graphene hybrid nanostructures
Iron oxide nanoparticles
Copper sulfide nanocrystals
Rhodamine B
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: This study describes nanocomposites of graphene flakes (GF) combined with CuS, Fe3O4 and CuS−Fe3O4 nanoparticles prepared by wet chemical methods. The Fe3O4 and/or CuS nanoparticles were directly anchored onto GF without requiring additional chemical treatment. The composition, structure and morphology of the nanocomposites, as well as of the pristine GF and metal oxide/sulfide nanoparticles were characterised by X − ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X − ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The results confirmed the successful attachment of CuS nanophases (size range: 23.7–50.1 nm) and/or Fe3O4 nanoparticles (size range: 10.6–15.8 nm). The adsorption and photocatalytic properties of the GF−based nanocomposites were evaluated at room temperature using Rhodamine B (RhB) as a model contaminant. Theoretical models were fitted to the adsorption kinetic results using the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order and Elovich equations, while the adsorption mechanism was determined using the intraparticle diffusion, Bangham and Boyd models. The RhB adsorption efficiency was 6.5% for GF@CuS−Fe3O4 after 180 min contact time, whereas for the other materials was significantly higher: 97.6%, 60.9% and 31.9% for GF, GF@CuS and GF@Fe3O4, respectively. The adsorption capacity of GF and composites fitted the pseudo−second−order kinetic and Elovich models. The influence of the nanostructures composition on the corresponding photocatalytic activity in the degradation of RhB under a 150 W halogen lamp was also evaluated. The GF@CuS−Fe3O4 nanocomposite totally eliminated the dissolved RhB after 60 min irradiation, whereas the GF@CuS, GF@Fe3O4 and pristine Fe3O4 removed 75.6%, 80.9% and 30.8%, respectively, after 180 min irradiation. It was found that the photocatalytic behaviour of the composites was best described by the first−order kinetic model. The rate constant of the photocatalytic RhB removal for GF@CuS−Fe3O4 (k = 7.05 ×10−2 min−1) was 2.1, 5.1 and 15.0 times higher than those obtained for GF@CuS, GF@Fe3O4 and pristine Fe3O4, respectively, after 60 min of visible light irradiation.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2023.114132
ISSN: 0920-5861
Appears in Collections:CICECO - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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