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Title: Potentiometric chemical sensors for the detection of paralytic shellfish toxins
Author: Ferreira, Nádia S.
Cruz, Marco G. N.
Gomes, Maria Teresa S.R.
Rudnitskaya, Alisa
Keywords: Chemical sensors
Paralytic shellfish toxins
Issue Date: 1-May-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Potentiometric chemical sensors for the detection of paralytic shellfish toxins have been developed. Four toxins typically encountered in Portuguese waters, namely saxitoxin, decarbamoyl saxitoxin, gonyautoxin GTX5 and C1&C2, were selected for the study. A series of miniaturized sensors with solid inner contact and plasticized polyvinylchloride membranes containing ionophores, nine compositions in total, were prepared and their characteristics evaluated. Sensors displayed cross-sensitivity to four studied toxins, i.e. response to several toxins together with low selectivity. High selectivity towards paralytic shellfish toxins was observed in the presence of inorganic cations with selectivity coefficients ranging from 0.04 to 0.001 for Na+ and K+ and 3.6*10-4 to 3.4*10-5 for Ca2+. Detection limits were in the range from 0.25 to 0.9 μmolL-1 for saxitoxin and decarbamoyl saxitoxin, and from 0.08 to 1.8 μmolL-1 for GTX5 and C1&C2, which allows toxin detection at the concentration levels corresponding to the legal limits. Characteristics of the developed sensors allow their use in the electronic tongue multisensor system for simultaneous quantification of paralytic shellfish toxins.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2018.01.031
ISSN: 0039-9140
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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