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Title: Major characteristics of microplastics in mussels from the Portuguese coast
Author: Marques, Filipa
Vale, Carlos
Rudnitskaya, Alisa
Moreirinha, Catarina
Costa, Sara T.
Botelho, Maria João
Keywords: Microplastics
Mytilus spp.
Issue Date: Jun-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The present study reports the quantity, shape, colour and chemical properties of microplastics (MP) and MP-like in whole soft tissues of the mussel Mytilus spp. collected in January and February 2019 from four natural banks in the Portuguese coast. Three sites are located in estuarine areas influenced by anthropogenic pressures and freshwater discharges, and one in the coast far from urbanised areas. An alkaline digestion (KOH) of biological tissues was used and a polymeric identification of 20% of the visually sorted particles was achieved using the Fourier-transform mid-infrared spectroscopy (FT-MIR). MP and MP-like concentrations ranged from 0.54 to 3.0 items g-1 without significant differences among the sites. Particle size varied from 36 to 4439 μm, being fibers the most abundant shape (50%) followed by films (22%) and spherules (18%). FT-MIR revealed that 69% of the analysed particles were plastic, being identified six polymers and two polymeric blends, and 32% were cellulose-based materials. Fibers identified in mussel tissues were mainly composed of cotton and viscose (77%). This study emphasizes the importance of the polymer's spectroscopic identification after microscopic observation to recognise MP.
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2021.110993
ISSN: 0013-9351
Appears in Collections:CESAM - Artigos
DQ - Artigos

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